These days, many things have been happening around that I feel baffled! First, we got infected, then recovered and now the unexpected war. At first, thank goodness that we have all (the family) got through with this virus, and everybody is Okay. (although when I strain my body, I feel a little exhausted now and then, showing how this virus is effective, with its subsequent trace.

And now, we have war, again, in Europe. As I look through history, I see how the nations were hungry to wage war for pride or even fun in the last centuries. But after WWII, the hunger for wars have the leaders of the countries and not the people. President Putin wants to have the same territory (like the great USSR) as North America wanted once to have when looking towards the South. As anybody might remember, all the countries’ leaders in the South of America were like puppets and corrupt. They were all organized by the US government to come into power and serve them. The breakthrough came from Cuba and with Fidel Castro. And practising freedom came one after another in the neighbourhood. But the USA had never attended to attack the Souther countries or made any war. President Putin had done it, though, and we can notice how desperate he is.

When in the 90s, the Ukrainians were demonstrating for their freedom in their Maidan, wasn’t it better that Europe not only sat and watched the procedure but helped them to get what they wanted? Wasn’t that a failure which we can see now the result? In any case, we are now where we shouldn’t be or didn’t want to be, and we can only hope something sensible comes up in the minds of those in charge.

Anyway, let us look at something beautiful, natural, Nature! Yes, Nature is innocent and maybe a place for us to run away from the meanness of the human for a moment.

And of course some special by my adorable lady:

With the palm trees all over our sight.

I have to add here that, as we are likely healthy, that’s why a lot come to us: some round birthdays: This Saturday a 40, in the North (Bremen city) next weekend a 60 on the other side towards South: Hagen city! Maybe to be ill is sometimes better! Have a lovely and peaceful weekend, everybody.

Rest in Peace; You are Free Now From Freedom!


I beg your pardon, but there is no other way, it is heavy on my heart! Have patience and mercy!

Oh yes! I’m still alive and back to being normal (at least I’m trying), and I’m still full of disappointment and disgust. I actually enjoyed these days being isolated; I think I can live in quarantine forever and ever. I am very content with my solitude. Anyway, naturally and as usual, I have my old professional curiosity, and looked all the time what do people do? And I keep wondering what’s going on with the free folk of the West. I run away from a dictatorial country with many hopes of finding the individual here in the West; some personality with own ideas and free from announcements from above. But what do I see; the mass, the majority! I learned in a dictatorship that democracy means to protect minorities. Otherwise, in Iran or Turkey or Russia or China, the majority always is the measure, and a minority have to shut up!

Farhad Foroutanian
Lovely isolation
Isolation is a gift to som

I was recently watching the news on German television, and suddenly I saw a report about #Canada, and I said; wow, finally we see something about #Canada. But WAF; the essay wanted to show how a few apostates (they have argued that most #Canadian people are vaccinated, so this small group is a small cheeky minority who must be taught the order.) make noises. The excellent police will soon all sweep away! You might imagine what I felt at that moment: I am not in Belarus or Azarbayjan or Iran? Or elsewhere, I am in Germany, with freedom of the press!?!”

Some of you might not notice what happens right now in #Canada; it is typical; what should we do with that? We live elsewhere in our beautiful country! Here is everything OK! But it is all about Democracy, not only for the #Canadians but for all of us.


Now, our saviours, heroes, chosen ones, and governments (in Germany) want to dedicate a little bit of freedom to us, albeit a little bit that we children don’t get cheeky. For example, I am recovered from the virus, and as a convalescent, I should only have freedom of movement for three months, they said. However, it came out that the parliamentarians have six months free! ( somehow, the free press had still little to say;) Well, they may be something special.?! In any case, when that came out, they accepted that it is not correct! And gave me, and the other like me, the same period of six months of free movement. Do you think that we should laugh at this shit game? Maybe we can, but the small bisinesses who have gone broke by these lockdowns can’t laugh.

Farhad Foroutanian
Go freedom go!
One of the highest ideals in life is freedom, but sometimes people lose sight of this goal and end up only exchanging a smaller cage for a slightly larger one

Let’s be honest, if you’re at all interested in the freedom of the people in the World. You watch the reports on tv how in China or Myanmar or Russia or Belarus, human rights are being trampled underfoot, and everyone who resists it is being granted on praised in the west and bestowed with great prizes. But there is no talk about Iran? In Iran, the mullahs mercilessly drag every sixteen or seventeen-year-old child into prison, torture them and ignore the crying mothers out there in front of the prison walls? We don’t hear anything about it here in the western countries because it’s going great with bargaining and negotiation with Iran. The other countries are politically in favour to be in the critics, but the Mullahs aren’t that bad?! Never!!!

In truth, I’m fed up with the talk of Democracy. This is not the Democracy that I fought for all my life. Although, I don’t give up, as you see: No energy but still alive! I may have not so much time, but I can’t let it be; the blood which was shed for is much worth. We MUST think twice!

What I believe at the time, it is just laugh! Indeed:

Amenhotep III and Sobek: a Masterpiece of Statuary on Display at the Luxor Museum


Sobek, The Crocodile God.

By Hedwig Storch
This relief from the Temple of Kom Ombo shows Sobek with typical attributes of kingship, including a was-sceptre and royal kilt. The ankh in his hand represents his role as an Osirian healer, and his crown is a solar crown associated with one of the many forms of Ra.

Sobek (also called Sebek) was an ancient Egyptian deity with a complex and elastic history and nature. He is associated with the Nile crocodile or the West African crocodile and is represented either in its form or as a human with a crocodile head. Wikipedia

A fantastic statue; The god Sobek, accompanies the Pharaoh Amenhotep. Here is another brilliant report by Marie Grillot to catch our senses. 💖🙏

Amenhotep III et Sobek : un chef-d’œuvre de la statuaire exposé au musée de Louqsor via https://egyptophile.blogspot.com/

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

This incredible statue was discovered entirely by chance in 1966 by workers carrying out the earthworks of a canal in Al-Mahamid Qibly, fifteen kilometres south of Armant. The location turned out to be a temple dedicated to the “crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu”. The excavations that were subsequently carried out brought to light “part of a paved courtyard, a door facing east, a large number of private stelae and votive statues dating from the reign of Amenhotep III; as well as an enigmatic chamber, filled with water, which turned out to contain this great dyad of Amenhotep III and Sobek-Ra, usurped by Ramesses II” (“Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign”, David O’Connor, Eric H. Cline ).

Other sources place the discovery on July 27, 1967, in the temple of Sobek in Dahamsha, or trace its precise location in a slightly different way: “in a well-closed by a slab of sandstone. The slab was sliding on two bronze wheels” ( Ancient Egypt and Archeology Web Site).

The statuary group, 256.5 cm high, is carved from a single block of what is commonly called “alabaster”. But, in work cited as a reference, Agnès Cabrol quoting Professor Claude Traunecker, specifies that “we prefer the term ‘calcite’ to that more common ‘alabaster’ because it corresponds better to the nature of the material which is used in Egypt; calcium carbonate (not calcium sulphate, which is true alabaster)”. The block used here could come from the Hatnoub quarry in Middle Egypt.

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

As soft as luminous, its white colour is sublimated by the veins that cross the stone. Its texture and grain allow it to be polished to perfection, so “this luxury rock, prized by kings and gods, was used in architecture, statuary and funerary furniture”.

In this representation: “The iconography of the two figures is classic and traditional. The fearsome god Sobek is seated on the right, on a throne whose sides are covered with hieroglyphic inscriptions. He is represented in his usual anthropomorphic form, with a crocodile head”.

In her “Dictionary of Egyptian Mythology”, Isabelle Franco tells us that “Sobek (Soukhos)” was the “god of waters and fertility manifesting in a crocodile. He ended up being considered a primordial god, fighting the enemies of the divine order”; hence the importance of this “close image” with Pharaoh!

His tripartite wig, adorned with a central uraeus, is surmounted by a modius on which rests an Atef crown. It comprises horizontal ram horns, a sun disk and two tall feathers.

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

In “Ancient Egypt and its Gods”, Jean-Pierre Corteggiani reminds us that whatever Sobek looks like, “he may have no crown, or wear either a simple solar disk or one or the other of the divine hairstyles combining the usual elements which constitute these: one of the most frequent is formed of a mortar surmounted by the solar disk and two ostrich feathers – or two remiges – to which are often added a pair of ram’s horns (and sometimes two uraei that frame the whole)”.

He wears a necklace-usekh and a large bracelet. His body, well proportioned, is dressed in a simple loincloth, short and pleated. His legs are powerful, and his feet are bare.

His right arm is bent under his chest as his forearm is extended in the direction of the Pharaoh. The ankh cross he holds in his hand and carries towards him is meant to breathe life into him: “with the ankh symbol of life, he intends to ‘revive’ Amenhotep III”.

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

The Pharaoh, whose size is smaller, is represented young, in the attitude of walking. “The composition, the quality of the engraving and the surface of the stone make the portrait of the king ineffably soft, human and almost vulnerable compared to the monstrous reptilian”.

He is wearing the pleated nemes held on the forehead by a headband on which the protective frontal uraeus is fixed. “The alternating stripes of the nemes are left raw as if to hold gesso and gilding, perhaps in contrast to the other stripes of blue colour”.

His face with full cheeks is of perfect symmetry. His almond-shaped eyes are elongated with a line of blush, flat and rectangular, the thin eyebrows which surmount them follow their exact shape.

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

The nose with delicate nostrils has suffered slightly. The mouth is sensual, with hemmed lips surrounded by a thin line accentuating its relief.

The chin is adorned with a fake beard, slightly flared, attached by an apparent jugular. His neck is adorned with a necklace-usekh.

The body of ideal stature is perfectly modelled. His arms are held along the body while the outstretched forearms rest on the short loincloth with the hands flat. The garment is owned by a wide belt with an under-umbilical buckle on which a cartouche is engraved.

It is that of Ramses II who usurped this statue and “made the name of Amenhotep III disappear from the front of the throne of Sobek, and added his own inscriptions on the base, on the king’s belt, on the right side of the throne and on the back and sides of the dorsal slab”…

Amenhotep III and Sobek – calcite – 18th dynasty – statue discovered in 1966 (1967?)
in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek-Ra, lord of Sumenu in Dahamsha
Luxor Museum – Inventory number: Luxor J.155.

This work is, without question, that of a highly gifted and talented sculptor: it is one of the most emblematic pieces of the Louqsor museum where it is exhibited under the inventory number: Louxor J.155.

Marie Grillot


Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign, David O’Connor, Eric H. Cline, University of Michigan Press, 2001 – 393 pages https://books.google.fr/books?id=MzVszHxO3JoC&pg=PA78&dq=sobek+amenhotep+III+Luxor&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiH9tCJ0YjgAhUvy4UKHcsJDz8Q6AEIMzAB#v=onepage&q=sobek%20amenhotep%20III%20Luxor&f=false http://www.ancient-egypt.co.uk/luxor_museum/pages/amenhotep%20iii%20sobek%201.htm

Amenhotep III: Egypt’s Radiant Pharaoh, Arielle P. Kozloff, P144,145,146 https://books.google.fr/books?id=GNqDvyCp2_wC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=amenhotep+III+and+sobek&source=bl&ots=hUkVsaWGfe&sig=ACfU3U0jPchzxctdGq1Asx_EJSzg0XbQow&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjC—L1YjgAhXC34UKHQ0VDFg4HhDoATAFegQIBRAB#v=onepage&q=amenhotep%20III%20and%20sobek&f=false

Joyful in Thebes: Egyptological Studies in Honor of Betsy M. Bryan p349


Hello, Crona, My Friend…!

Cartoon Movement

Hi friends! I wasn’t supposed to be here this weekend, but the omicron’s fast train overtook us, and now we’ll all be his! First, our son, Raphael, got it, and then it was our turn. On the other hand, I have heard my brother-in-law and his wife are infected, too, despite their vaccinations and boosters.

In any case, it seems that there is no escape, and we have to confront this beast. As the Master tells these good words:

AZ Quotes

And this or that variant, being prepared is the most important thing.

Cartoon Movement

You might ask how is it with me and Regina and how we feel; I would say as I write this post, I am totally exhausted and have some muscles and bones aching, and my wife feels weak, but otherwise, she doesn’t have much pain, maybe because I wasn’t a good boy and worked eleven hours on Thursday. Anyway, I can’t concentrate my thoughts on writing an article. This one is just a draft I tinkered, and now I’m done!


It seems that we will have a long way to get rid of this. I can only say that my feeling as an infected person is very similar to flu effects. What if we leave the fear and let all usually goes!
Take care and stay strong, my dear friends. 💖🙏🤗🙏💖🌹

Seneca: Life Is Short If You Do Not Live It!


Stoicism. I have been practising this throughout my life, without knowing what it is! Oh yes, since my childhood, I have learned how to hide my feelings (pains) towards others and keep emotionless and not bother someone. Being logical was and still is my motto.
And now, as I get to know Seneca and his Stoicism, I find it interesting to compare him with myself. Of course, there is a slight difference in between; I kept all my emotions only not to hurt others, but Seneca talks about self-love and that one should take care of oneself that I had never cared about myself.

Although, we have a lot in common in thoughts.

Seneca’s words were so brief yet concise and rich in depth and meaning, albeit here I ask myself what he’d mean: if suffering is an image that doesn’t exist in reality? Or whatever is the definition of reality?!

Anyway, here I would like to present this brief declaration by Dr Elsa Nikolaidou via SearchingTheMeaningOfLife with immense gratefulness.

PS: I feel somehow dumb-minded today! I might be absent next week to meet friends in northern Germany. Have a lovely time, and thanks. 🙏💖🙏🤗

photo by EvAr

Seneca: Life Is Short If You Do Not Live It!

The orator and philosopher Lucius Anne of Seneca (4 BC-65) is a unique case in the history of philosophy. His life works and death collide with each other creating a controversial personality of a philosopher. He was one of the wealthiest philosophers, as, despite being a Stoic, he acquired wealth (300 million interest-bearing loans in the provinces of Italy and the regions of the Roman Empire), taking advantage of his position in the court of Emperor Nero, of which he was a member. But Nero was not only his student but also his killer. In 65, he ordered the death of Seneca, at the same time giving him a choice to commit suicide, which the philosopher followed.

However, his writings are undoubtedly philosophical texts worthy of an orator who remained in history as one of the most important Stoic philosophers, between the emperor Marcus Aurelius and the enslaved person Acquired. His moral essay “On the Shortness of Life” (De Brevitate Vitae), a letter addressed to his father-in-law Paulinus, is one of his best-known works in which he rhetorically exhorts the reader of Nero’s time (but also of today). ) to evaluate his time: “Remember and think, whenever you had a specific plan in your life, how few days you spent as you had planned them, how many times you were really available for yourself when your face had its natural expression when your mind was restless, what work have you completed in such a long life, how many were the ones who took a part of your life when you did not yet know what you were missing, how much of your life you spent in pointless sorrow, in silly joy, in greedy desire, in conventional discussions and, finally, how little part of it you are left with yourself; and then you will understand that you are dying long before your time “. (Seneca, On the Shortness of Life, III)
The most valuable thing one has is one’s time. Seneca places time before us and urges us to seize it before it is too late. Our time is our life. And yet, how many of us, from the time of Seneca until today, do not take it for granted? But, as we waste our time, we shorten our lives. This is an awareness that comes with ageing when it is too late. Why is this happening;

Seneca addresses all of us: “And what is the cause of this phenomenon? The reason is that you live as if you were going to live forever, without ever thinking about how fragile you are and without ever noticing how much time from your life has already been lost. “You waste your time as if you were drawing from a complete and abundant legacy, and all this when the day you give to a person or thing could be the last day of your life.” (III)

Memento Mori. Remember that you will die. The Stoic reminder of our mortality is the only one that offers the consciousness of life that we must live every day. Because every day is precious, not just the last. We understand life with death.
How late is it to start living only when our life necessarily ends!” (III)

People, arrogant towards time, think that they will live forever and wait for the days to pass, always planning for tomorrow or reminiscing about yesterday. But life is now.

By giving value to our time, we provide value to our lives. And it ceases to be short.

Writes Dr Elsa Nikolaidou teaches Philosophy at Med High School.

Source: http://www.philenews.com/

Anniversary of the Discovery of the Tomb of Sennedjem at Deir el-Medina


Fascinating! Isn’t it? The Tomb of Sennedjem is one of the most precious artworks ever in the history of mankind. There is not only to see this magnificent painting, but we read history and learn the wisdom of our past.

Sennedjem was an Ancient Egyptian artisan. Sennedjem lived in Set Maat (translated as “The Place of Truth”), contemporary Deir el-Medina, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes, during the reigns of Seti I and Ramesses II. Sennedjem had the title “Servant in the Place of Truth“. He was buried with his wife, Lyneferti, and his family in a Tomb in the village necropolis. His Tomb was discovered on January 31, 1886. When Sennedjem’s Tomb was found, there was traditional furniture from his home, including a stool and a bed, which he actually used when he was alive.

His titles included Servant in “the Place of Truth”, meaning that he worked on excavating and decorating the nearby royal tombs. Wikipedia

Here we read another excellent presentation about the discovery of such a treasure by Marie Grillot. 🙏💖

Anniversaire de la découverte de la tombe de Sennedjem à Deir el-Medineh via; égyptophile

Sennedjem and his wife Lyneferti represented on the walls of their Tomb – TT 1- Deir el-Medineh.
Discovered by Salam-Abou-Douy de Gournah and by the Service des Antiquités in January-February 1886
Dad and Me Love History

Sennedjem was, under the 19th dynasty, one of the servants of the “Set Maât her imenty Ouaset” (“the Place of Truth to the west of Thebes”). A mason by trade, he belonged to the community of craftsmen dedicated to digging and decorating the eternal dwellings of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens.

His Tomb (TT 1) was discovered in January 1886 by “gournawis”. In “Hidden Treasures of Egypt”, Zahi Hawass recounts the circumstances as follows: “In 1886, Salam Abu Duhi, a villager from Gournah was awarded a concession in an area of Deir el-Medina close to his home. After only a few days of excavation, Salam and three of his friends made a spectacular discovery. At the bottom of a still new burial shaft, they found a wooden door whose ancient seals were intact. Salam immediately notified Maspero, who happened to be in Luxor for his annual inspection visit”.

“Set Maât her imenty Ouaset” (“the Place of Truth west of Thebes”)
Current view of the “craftsmen’s village”, today called Deir el-Medineh

La correspondance de Gaston Maspero à son épouse Louise (Gaston Maspero – Lettres d’Egypte) nous permet de revivre “à l’instant t” l’extraordinaire aventure … Ainsi écrit-il le 2 février 1886 : “On vient me chercher pour aller à la montagne : une tombe à laquelle nous travaillions depuis huit jours a été enfin ouverte. She is virgin ! It is a tomb of the 20th dynasty: the wooden door is still in place, and eleven mummies have already been counted. It’s a big find. I probably won’t have time to write before the mail boat leaves, because I don’t think we can be back before ten o’clock in the evening.”

Door to the Tomb of Sennedjem – stuccoed and painted wood

From Deir el-Medina (TT 1)

Discovered by Salam-Abou-Douy de Gournah and by the Antiquities Service in January-February 1886

Diary of Entrances to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo – JE 27303

He continues his story on February 3: “The vault is about 5 m long by 3 wide. It is vaulted, with a shallow vault and painted in the brightest colours; unfortunately, the paintings and the texts are only extracted. It was filled to the top with coffins and objects: eight adult mummies, two-child mummies, a family of those cemetery priests I told you about in the letters I wrote from Turin in 1880 (?) The mummies are superb, in a beautiful red varnish with elegant representations, but they are only the least exciting part of the find. You know that the mummies were carried to the Tomb on sledges, held by men or drawn by oxen. Our Tomb contains two of these complete sledges: first the floor, with the rings intended to pass the sticks, when one wanted to carry, then the movable panels of the catafalque in which one locked the coffin, then the lid in cornice… and c This is how we will exhibit everything at the Boulaq Museum. Alongside this, the complete furniture: eight large canopic boxes, around forty small funerary statuette boxes, around a hundred charming limestone figurines, around twenty painted earthenware vases, a new bed different for the shape of the first two,… In addition, a beautiful armchair with canvas bottom imitating the tapestry; two stools with canvas bottom imitating red leather, a folding chair, bouquets of flowers, a cubit, an ostracon containing a very curious, although concise, historical novel. Insinger and Toda photographed the magnesium chamber and will photograph some of the objects”…

The mummy mask of Khonsu, son of Sennedjem

from the Tomb of Sennedjem – TT1 – Deir el-Medineh discovered in 1886

Exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York – Accession Number: 86.1.4

Jan Herman Insinger is a Dutch banker who came to Luxor to benefit from a climate that could soothe his tuberculosis. He lives aboard his dahabieh “Meermin” (“The Mermaid”) and will soon have a somewhat “flashy” castle built on the banks of the Nile. Having become close to Maspero, he offers him, during his inspections, his services as a photographer.

Eduard Toda, with objects from the Tomb of Sennedjem

on the boat “Boulaq” en route to Cairo (1886)

Toda Fund Library Víctor Balaguer Museum (Vilanova)

As for Eduard Toda i Güell, Consul General of Spain in Egypt from 1884 to 1886, a genuine friendship and trust bound him to Maspero, which led him to entrust him with significant responsibilities within the archaeological mission. This is how he was at his side during the event that we are reporting. Which is described by Jules Daressy as: “one of the most interesting events in the history of excavations in Egypt”. Better still, the diplomat-archaeologist was given, by the Director of Antiquities, called to another excavation site, the “immediate responsibility” for clearing the Tomb.

Box with ushabtis and ushabtis from the tomb of Sennedjem – TT1 – Deir el-Medineh discovered in 1886
Exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York – Accession Number: 86.114

The “discoverers” were “compensated” according to the terms specified by Gaston Maspero: “It goes without saying that we bought from the fellahs the half that was theirs: it cost us 46 guineas, and it is suitable for the museum, the sale of the mummies and superfluous objects will bring us at least 60 guineas, perhaps eighty which will pass to the excavations of Luxor and the Sphinx. Therefore, it will have been a good business in every way, from a scientific point of view, since it gave us monuments of which we had no specimen. And good from a financial point of view, since not only will the objects end up costing us nothing! But that we will have earned enough money to carry out new excavations”.

The Goddesses Selket and Neith depicted on the sarcophagus of Khonsu
found in the Tomb of his father Sennedjem (TT 1) – Deir el-Medina
discovered by Salam-Abou-Douy de Gournah and by the Service des Antiquités in January-February 1886
Cairo Museum Entry Diary – JE 27302

In the “Bulletin of the French Society of Egyptology” – 1988, Josep Padro reports: “In three days and with seven workers, (Toda) completely excavated the tomb and carried out the transfer of its contents onboard the ‘Boulaq’, the ship of the Antiquities Service. Once the transfer was complete, (he) drew up the inventory of the funerary furniture on the boat, with the objects collected and the mummies under his eyes. Toda also took 15 photos himself in the Tomb, with the technical assistance of Insinger, from which the plates illustrating his memoir were engraved, and he copied and translated the hieroglyphic texts with the help of Bouriant”.

Plan of the tomb of Sennedjem by Bernard Bruyère – Deir el-Medineh (TT 1)
Discovered by Salam-Abou-Douy de Gournah and by the Antiquities Service in January-February 1886

According to Bernard Bruyère: “Tomb No. 1 is not only one of the finest and best-preserved in Thebes; it is, moreover, a perfect, complete and typical example of a large family tomb comprising the four components regulars, the courtyard and the chapels accessible to the living, the well and the vault reserved for the dead”.

Sennedjem in adoration before the falcon-headed Horus, followed by two of Horus’ four sons, Amsit and Hapy
scene from the tomb of Sennedjem (TT 1) – Deir el-Medina –
discovered by Salam-Abou-Douy de Gournah and by the Service des Antiquités in January-February 1886

Marie Grillot


Gaston Maspero, “ Letters from Egypt, Correspondence with Louise Maspero ”, Elisabeth David, Seuil, 2003 ” Deir el-Medina ” (Ifao)

Hidden Treasures of Egypt, Zahi Hawass

” Eduard Toda, Pioneer of Spanish Egyptology ” (Egyptophile)

” Eduard Toda i Güell ” (Amigos de la Egyptologia)

” Clarifications on two mummies from the old Toda collection “, by Josep Padro

” Sennedjem TT1 ” ( osirisnet.net )

Padro Josep, “Bulletin of the French Society of Egyptology” – 1988, n°113, pp. 32-45