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Psychoanalysis: Jacques Lacan: “The Real, the Imaginary and the Symbolic”. “The Imaginary and the Concept of the Other” .-
“The Real, the Imaginary and the Symbolic”:
Lacan explains the subjective constitution as a dynamic structure organized in three registers. The French Psychoanalyst formulated the concepts of the Real, the Imaginary and the Symbolic to describe these three knots of the constitution of the subject. These three registers are imbricated according to the shape of a Borromean knot: The desanudamiento of any of the three causes the untying of the other two. It is another conceptual tool typical of combinatorial topologies, such as the Möbius Band.
Record of the Real
The reality is that which can not be expressed as language, what can not be said, can not be represented, because by representing it, the essence of it is lost, that is, the object itself. Therefore, the Real is always present but continuously mediated by the imaginary and the symbolic.
Record of the Imaginary:
The imaginary is constituted in a process that requires a certain structural alienation, it is the realm of spatial identification that starts in the mirror stage and is instrumental in the development of the psychic agency. It is in this process of formation that the subject can identify his image as the ‘I’, differentiated from the other. What is designated as ‘I’ is formed through what is the other – in other words, from the image in the mirror. It is the primitive form of symbolic thought.
Registration of the Symbolic
The imaginary, or non-linguistic aspect of the psyche, formulates the primitive knowledge of the self, while the symbolic, the term used for linguistic collaboration (coherent verbal language), generates a community-level reflection of the primitive knowledge of the self and creates the first set of rules that govern behaviour and integrate each subject into the culture. It constitutes the most evolved record and is the one that typifies the adult human being. Lacan considers that the language constructs the subject and the human being suffers from this language because it is necessary and gives each subject a heuristic quality (with the symbolic language one thinks, with this language one reasons, with such a language there is communication -symbolic- between the humans).
“The Imaginary and the Concept of the Other”:
What becomes the Subject properly develops through its inception in the Symbolic order, at which time the infant acquires the ability to use language that is, to materialize his desire through speech. In Lacan, the Other is at At the same time the neighbour (each other separately) and the whole set of subjects that constitute the culture and society from the origin of humanity. The Other as a set of subjects that constitute the culture and society is qualified by Lacan of Treasure of the signifiers, that is to say, is of such an entity that each subject separately receives the language; that is why the Lacanian phrase is understood The subject is spoken by the Other and its variation the subject is thought by the Other. From the Other it is that the subject has a language and it is from the Other that the subject thinks (in this Lacan does a modification to the Cartesian cogito, to the cogito ergo sum – I think ergo exists – no one thinks initially from his ego or from his self same, but he does it from what he receives by tradition from the Other). Moreover, as the ego of each subject is constituted from the Other, it also turns out to be the desire installed in each subject, a desire coming from the Other and directed towards the Other, this is summarized in the apothegm(depot): the desire is the desire of the Other. The first vicarious subject or representative of the Other for every subject is his mother. However, the mother is another who will only be effective if the paternal function mediates between her and the child.
Psicoanálisis: Jacques Lacan:
“Lo Real, lo Imaginario y lo Simbólico”.
“Lo Imaginario y el Concepto del Otro”:
Jacques-Marie Émile Lacan ( 1901 / 1981 ). –
“Lo Real, lo Imaginario y lo Simbólico”:
Lacan explica la constitución subjetiva como una estructura dinámica organizada en tres registros. El Psicoanalista francés formuló los conceptos de lo Real, lo Imaginario y lo Simbólico para describir estos tres nudos de la constitución del sujeto. Estos tres registros se hallan imbricados según la forma de un nudo borromeo: El desanudamiento de cualquiera de los tres provoca el desanudamiento de los otros dos. Se trata de otra herramienta conceptual típica de la topología combinatoria, como lo es la Banda de Möebius.
Registro de lo Real
Lo real es aquello que no se puede expresar como lenguaje, lo que no se puede decir, no se puede representar, porque al re-presentarlo se pierde la esencia de éste, es…
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