Though, it is almost Summertime but let’s have a look at the history of the month named; January 😉 Have a nice Sunday ❤
Who was Janus from whom he was named January?
Janus is considered god of the Romans, but there are some who say that Janus was a stranger from Thessaly who had been exiled in Rome, where they say, that Kamiesis welcomed him and shared his kingdom with him. Janus then built a town on the hill, named Janiculum from the name of the goddess!…
Bust of the Roman god Janus at the Vatican Museum. January, January, or Calandar, or the Calandar (Pontian), is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and has 31 days.
The first day of the month, which is the first day of the year, is known as New Year’s Eve.
As everyone knows, Janus is one of the most ancient gods of the Roman pantheon. They stand him with two faces looking opposite, one front and the other back. These myths are exclusively Roman and are connected with the city authorities.According to some mythologists, Janus was a native of Rome, where he once reigned with Cameses, a mythical king whose only name we know. According to others, Janus was a foreigner who came from Thessaly and had been exiled in Rome, where they say, that Kamiesis welcomed him and shared his kingdom with him. Janus then built a town on the hill, which was named Janiculum by the name of the god. When he came to Italy with his wife, called Kamisis or Kamassinis, he had children, and especially the Tiber, a surname of the Tiber River. Later, after the death of Kamissi, Janus reigned alone in Latium, and when Saturnus, chased from Greece by his son Jupiter, arrived there, he hosted him (see Saturnus and Jupiter).In the reign of Janus, they attribute the usual characteristics of the Golden Age, the honesty of people, plenty of goods, stable peace, etc. They say that Janus invented the use of ships to come from Thessaly to Italy, as well as the coin. Indeed, the most ancient Roman bronze coins had on their front the image of Janus, while on the back of a ship’s bow. They also say that Janus deposed the first inhabitants of Lazio, the Aborigines (but this fact is attributed to Saturnos). Prior to this, the Aborigines lived in a miserable way and did not know either the cities or the laws or the cultivation of the land. Janus taught them all that.When Janus died, they deified him. His mythical personality is linked to other myths that have no apparent relationship with the past. They are particularly attributed to him by a miracle, which saved Rome from its capture by the Savines. At the time when Romulus and his companions kidnapped the Sabine women, Titus and the Savages attacked the new city. One night, therefore, Tarpius, the daughter of Capilla’s guardian, delivered the Acropolis to the Savines. They climbed up the Capitol Hill and were ready to overthrow the city’s defenders when Janus set off a fountain of hot water in front of the attackers, scaring them and letting them flee. In memory of this miracle, they decided in time of war to always leave the gate of the temple of Janus open, so that God can at any time help the Romans. They closed it only when peace reigned in the Roman Empire.They also believed that Janus had married Nymph Jcturna, whose sanctuary and source were near the temple of Janus in the Roman Agora. Together we did, say, a son, the god Fons or Fontus, who was the god of the springs. Seneca in his satirical poem about the transformation of Emperor Claudius into a zucchini (the Apolococity) tells Janus, a skilful orator, because he had the experience of buying, and experienced in his art, to look back and forth (that is, all their views), he advocated Claudius. But it is obviously a literary and ironic narrative ornament about the personality of a god, who did not take him any more seriously.
January is the first month of the Gregorian calendar. It was named after the god of the Romans, Janus. In January, Nomas Pompilios added the eleventh place to Romulus, which until then was ten months old. January has often changed its name, in honour of various emperors or members of the imperial family, even the goddess Hera. Initially, January counted 29 days, but later, with Julius Caesar’s calendar reform, two additional days were added.In January – as the Wikipedia has written – our people have given us names such as January because they bear the grazes and Meso Chimonas because it is the middle of the winter months, as the saying goes “as to Ai-Gianni, tiger, is the winter scream. ” It is also the moon with the brightest moon: “On January the moon looks like an hour or so.” It is also called Canto because during its duration the cats are mated, and the Great Month or the Transylvanian Month or Megalomnassas because it is the first month of the year and in contrast to February, which is “lame” (Koutsoflevaros). Oialkyon days have also given him the name “lax”, but he is also known as the “creeper”: “January moon cries, the moon is not looking”. Other names: Genolaitos (because this month they give birth to the herds), Kriaritsi because he is the most “cranky”.
Baron, De ling. lat. 5, 156, 7, 26 and 27. Macro., Saturn. I, 7, 19. 1, 9 et seq. Cell, Met. 14, 785 et seq. / Fasti 1, 63-294. Virg., Ain. 7, 180. 7, 610. 8, 357. 12, 198. Plut., Rev. El., 41, Ser., Comment. virg., Ain. 8.319. August. 7, 4. Solo 2, 5 et seq. Lydos 4, 2. cf. P. Grimal, “Janus and the origins of Rome”, Lcilves d’Humanite, 4th Holland, Janus and the Bridge, Am. Acad, in Rome, 1961.